Note: The explanations in this glossary are neither comprehensive nor official definitions. They are only attempted translations and rough descriptions of the meanings in the context of the internet pages of Meiji Jingu. These words may have different meanings in other contexts.
Budo: "the martial way", expression referring to traditional Japanese martial art(s)
Budojo: Training hall for traditional Japanese martial arts
Bunkakan: "culture house", circular building on the grounds of Meiji Jingu
Dojo: Training hall for a traditional Japanese art (a "way")
Ema: Wooden tablet(s), onto which wishes may be written
Gagaku: ancient Japanese Imperial court music
Gaien: Outer precinct (as opposed to "inner precinct" naien)
Gehaiden: Outer hall in front of the main shrine building
Goshuin: Memorial seal (stamp and calligraphy) of a Shinto shrine.
Gyoen: Imperial Garden
Gyosei: a poem composed by an emperor
Guji: chief priest (of a shrine)
Haraesha: "purification hut" (at Meiji Jingu: opposite the South Temizuya)
Higashi-Shinmon: Eastern gate to the courtyard in front of the main shrine building.
Homotsuden: Treasure Museum
Homotsutenjishitsu: Exhibition hall belonging to the Treasure Museum (however, this exhibition hall is located at Bunkakan)
Inner precinct: The area containing the sacred forest and shrine buildings (as opposed to the outer precinct containing additional facilities)
Jingu: Shinto shrine. ("Jingu" is one of several terms referring to Shinto shrines.)
Jingu Kaikan: Assembly hall of the shrine
Juyosho: Amulet office(s). An Amulet office is a place where amulets, emblems, and other items are distributed.
Kagura: sacred Shinto dance
Kaguraden: Hall for sacred music and dance
Kakuuntei: name of the tea house inside Gyoen
Kamidana: Shinto house altar
Kannushi: Shinto priest
Kiganbun: Letter to the deities.
Kigansai: Ceremony including personal wishes, conducted at Kaguraden.
Kitasando: Northern approach. This expression refers to the main approach to the main shrine buildings from the North. It is also the name of the closest station to this approach (Fukutoshin line).
Koto: Japanese zither
Kyudo: "the way of the bow", Japanese archery, a discipline of Japanese Budo
Magokoro: sincere heart (This is also the name of a quarterly leaflet in English which is distributed at Meiji Jingu.)
Main shrine building: The central building of the shrine containing chambers for the enshrined deities.
Meiji: The posthumous name of Emperor Mutsuhito, and also the name of the era of his reign.
Meiji Jingu: Meiji Shrine.
Miko: shrine maiden
Minamisando: Southern approach. The main approach to the main shrine buildings from the South.
Minami-Shinmon: The Southern gate to the courtyard in front of the main shrine buildings. It is also called Romon.
Miuta: a poem composed by an empress
Nagadono: This is the name of the long Juyosho opposite Kaguraden.
Naien: Inner precinct (as opposed to "outer precinct" gaien)
Naihaiden: Inner hall in front of the main shrine building.
Nikkusai: ceremony at 8 am and 2 pm every day, offering sacred food and prayers
Nishisando gate: the West entrance of Meiji Jingu
Nishi-Shinmon: Western gate to the courtyard in front of the main shrine building.
Ofuda: Emblem (of a shrine).
Omamori: Lucky charm.
Omikuji: Lot(s) drawn for good fortune
Omotesando: name of the main street approaching Meiji Jingu
Outer precinct: Outer area of the shrine, containing additional facilities
Purification wand: A long object used for purification. It is swayed three times (left, right, left) above the persons or items to be purified. Often, a branch of the Sakaki tree is used as a purification wand, or a stick with lots of white paper streamers.
Saikan: building where priests and shrine maidens change into their robes (no access)
Sakaki: Cleyera japonica. This is a Japanese tree that is sacred in Shinto and is therefore often used as a Purification wand or as a Tamagushi.
Sake: Japanese rice wine
Sangubashi: name of the station in the West of Meiji Jingu
Sanpai: visiting a shrine, paying respect at a shrine
Sanshuden: meeting hall on the shrine grounds
Satsuma-Biwa: a special type of Biwa
Seishiki-Sanpai: formal greeting ceremony at a shrine
Shamusho: Shrine office
Shiseikan: the name of Meiji Jingu's Budojo
Shoken: The name of Emperor Meiji's wife.
Shubatsu: purification rite
Shukueisha: This is the name of the building opposite the South Juyosho at Meiji Jingu.
Tatami: rice straw mat (standard size approximately 90 cm x 180 cm). Please take off your shoes and wear socks when you step onto Tatami. Thank you.
Temizu: action of rinsing hands and mouth for purification before entering a sacred area or participating in a ceremony
Temizuya: Font at the entrance to the inner area of a shrine, containing water and dippers (ladles) to rinse hands and mouth.
Torii: Shrine gate
Tsukinamisa: Regular monthly ceremonies (in the case of Meiji Jingu on the 1st and 15th of every month)
Urasando: name of the street connecting Naien and Gaien
Waka: traditional Japanese poem of 31 syllables (5-7-5-7-7 syllables)